Validity and Reliability in Research
Validity is the most important idea to consider when preparing or selecting an instrument for use. More than anything else, researchers want the information they obtain through the use of an instrument to serve their purposes. Reliability refers to the consistency of the scores obtained—how consistent they are for each individual from one administration of an instrument to another and from one set of items to another.
- Explain what is meant by the term “validity” as it applies to the use of instruments in educational research.
- Name three types of evidence of validity that can be obtained, and give an example of each type.
- Explain what is meant by the term “correlation coefficient” and describe briefly the difference between positive and
- negative correlation coefficients.
- Explain what is meant by the terms “validity coefficient” and “reliability coefficient.”
- Explain what is meant by the term “reliability” as it applies to the use of
- instruments in educational research.
- Explain what is meant by the term “errors of measurement.”
- Explain briefly the meaning and use of the term “standard error of measurement.”
- Describe briefly three ways to estimate the reliability of the scores obtained using a particular instrument.
- Describe how to obtain and evaluate scoring agreement
|Validity in research|
|What is validity in research?||00:00:00|
|The importance of validity||00:00:00|
|Types of validity||00:00:00|
|Factors influencing validity||00:00:00|
|Reliability in research|
|What is reliability in research?||00:00:00|
|The importance of reliability||00:00:00|
|Methods to ensure reliability||00:00:00|
|Factors influencing reliability||00:00:00|
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